logs <app> [-h|--help] [-t|--tail] [-n|--num num] [-q|--quiet] [-p|--ps process] # Display recent log output logs:failed --all|<app> # Shows the last failed deploy logs logs:report [<app>] [<flag>] # Displays a logs report for one or more apps logs:set [--global|<app>] <key> <value> # Set or clear a logs property for an app logs:vector-logs [--num num] [--tail] # Display vector log output logs:vector-start # Start the vector logging container logs:vector-stop # Stop the vector logging container
You can easily get logs of an app using the
Logs are pulled via integration with the scheduler for the specified application via "live tailing". As such, logs from previously running deployments are usually not available. Users that desire to see logs from previous deployments for debugging purposes should persist those logs to external services. Please see Dokku's vector integration for more information on how to persist logs across deployments to ship logs to another service or a third-party platform.
Dokku also supports certain command-line arguments that augment the
log command's behavior.
-n, --num NUM # the number of lines to display -p, --ps PS # only display logs from the given process -t, --tail # continually stream logs -q, --quiet # display raw logs without colors, time and names
You can use these modifiers as follows:
The above command will show logs continually from the web process.
Failed deploy logs¶
The default docker-local scheduler will "store" these until the next deploy or until the old containers are garbage collected - whichever runs first. If you require the logs beyond this point in time, please ship the logs to a centralized log server.
In some cases, it may be useful to retrieve the logs from a previously failed deploy.
You can retrieve these logs by using the
You may also fetch all failed app logs by using the
Docker Log Retention¶
Docker log retention can be specified via the
logs:set command by specifying a value for
max-size. Log retention is set via injected docker options for all applications, but is also available via the
logs-get-property trigger for alternative schedulers.
The default value may be set by passing an empty value for the option:
Valid values include any integer number followed by a unit of measure (
g) or the string
unlimited. Setting to
unlimited will result in Dokku omitting the log option.
max-size property can also be set globally. The global default is
10m, and the global value is used when no app-specific value is set.
The default value may be set by passing an empty value for the option.
Vector Logging Shipping¶
Introduced in 0.22.6
Vector is an open-source, lightweight and ultra-fast tool for building observability pipelines. Dokku integrates with it for shipping container logs for the
docker-local scheduler. Users may configure log-shipping on a per-app or global basis, neither of which interfere with the
dokku logs commands.
Starting the Vector container¶
While the default vector image may be updated over time, this will not impact running vector containers. Users are encouraged to view any Dokku and Vector changelogs to ensure their system will continue running as expected.
Vector may be started via the
This will start a new container named
vector with Dokku's vector config mounted and ready for use. If a running container already exists, this command will do nothing. Additionally, if a container exists but is not running, this command will attempt to start the container.
While the default vector image is hardcoded, users may specify an alternative via the
vector container will be started with the following volume mounts:
The final volume mount -
/var/log/dokku/apps - may be used for users that wish to ship logs to a file on disk that may be later logrotated. This directory is owned by the
dokku user and group, with permissions set to
0755. At this time, log-rotation is not configured for this directory.
Stopping the Vector container¶
Vector may be stopped via the
vector container will be stopped and removed from the system. If the container is not running, this command will do nothing.
Checking Vector's Logs¶
It may be necessary to check the vector container's logs to ensure that vector is operating as expected. This can be performed with the
This command also supports the following modifiers:
You can use these modifiers as follows:
The above command will show logs continually from the vector container, with an initial history of 10 log lines
Configuring a log sink¶
Vector uses the concept of log "sinks" to send logs to a given endpoint. Log sinks may be configured globally or on a per-app basis by specifying a
vector-sink in DSN form with the
logs:set command. Specifying a sink value will reload any running vector container.
# setting the sink value in quotes is encouraged to avoid # issues with ampersand encoding in shell commands dokku logs:set node-js-app vector-sink "console://?encoding[codec]=json"
A sink may be removed by setting an empty value, which will also reload the running vector container.
Only one sink may be specified on a per-app basis at a given time.
Log sinks can also be specified globally by specifying the
--global flag to
logs:set with no app name specified:
As with app-specific sink settings, the global value may also be cleared by setting no value.
Log Sink DSN Format¶
The DSN form of a sink is as follows:
Valid values for
SINK_TYPE include all log vector log sinks, while
SINK_OPTIONS is a query-string form for the sink's options. The following is a short description on how to set various values:
For some sinks - such as the
http sink - it may be useful to use special characters such as
&. These characters must be url escaped as per RFC 3986.
# the following command will set the `http` sink with a uri config value # for a uri config value: https://loggerservice.com:1234/?token=abc1234&type=vector # the url quoted version: https%3A//loggerservice.com%3A1234/%3Ftoken%3Dabc1234%26type%3Dvector dokku logs:set test vector-sink "http://?uri=https%3A//loggerservice.com%3A1234/%3Ftoken%3Dabc1234%26type%3Dvector"
Please read the sink documentation for your sink of choice to configure the sink as desired.